* Note: Some of these reference resources were accessed for the preliminary literature review in 2010.
Some links may no longer be active.

Adelaida Restrepo, Maria and  Towle-Harmon, Mary (2008). Addressing Emergent Literacy Skills in English Language Learners. Downloaded from

American Educational Research Association (2004). English Language Learners: Boosting Academic Achievement. Downloaded from

August, Diane (2003). Supporting the Development of English Literacy in English Language Learners: Key Issues and Promising Practice. Downloaded from

British Columbia Ministry of Education (2009). “Students from Refugee Backgrounds: A Guide for Teachers & Schools.”

Beirnes, H., Hughes, N., Hek, R., & Spicer, N. (2007); “Preventing Social Exclusion of Refugee and Asylum Seeking Children: Building New Networks”; Social Policy & Society, Vol. 6, No. 2; pp 219-229.

Dachyshyn, Darcey and Anna Kirova (2008). “Understanding Childhoods In-Between: Sudanese refugee children’s transition from home to preschool.” Research in Comparative and International Education: 3: 3 pp.281-294.

Early Head Start National Resource Center (2001). Linguistic Diversity and Early Literacy: Serving Culturally Diverse Families in Early Head Start. Downloaded from

Indra, D.M. (1989). “Resettlement and Gender Differences: A Lethbridge Community Study” Canadian Woman Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1; pp 63-66.

Kugler, Eileen G. (2009). “Partnering with Parents and Families to Support Immigrant and Refugee Children at School”; School of Public Health and Health Services, the George Washington University, Washington D.C.

Kugler, E. & Price, O.A. (2009). “Helping immigrant and refugee students succeed: It’s not just what happens in the classroom.” School of Public Health and Health Services, the George Washington University, Washington D.C.

Montgomery, Edith (2010). “Trauma and Resilience in Young Refugees: A 9 year follow-up study” Development and Psychology, Vol.22; pp 477-489.

Perry, Bruce (2011). “A Place for Everyone: Nurturing Each Child’s Niche.”

Rousseau, Cecile and Guzder, Jaswant (2008). School-Based Prevention Programs for Refugee Children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America.

Stewart, Janice L. (2007). Summary of Dissertation – Children Affected by War: A Bioecological Investigation into their Psychosocial and Educational Needs.